Dental Diagnostics CPU Objectives

Activity 1

1-1. Define diagnostics.

1-2. Gain an overview understanding of dentistry as a health care field.

1-3. Explore three major careers associated with the dental field and the responsibilities, education, and licensure requirements for each.

1-4. Examine the eight dental specialties and licensure requirements for the general dentist.

1-5. Research laws for the state in which you live, regarding laws pertinent to either Dental Assistants, Hygienist, Dental Laboratory Tech, or Dentist.

1-6. Develop a short paper discussing a chosen career field, using information gained during your research.

1-7. Choose a dental career that you would like to "shadow" and discuss these opportunities.

Activity 2

2-1. Review the importance of teeth and the part they play in our everyday lives.

2-2. Explore the oral cavity and the major components of which it is comprised.

2-3. Define dentition, deciduous dentition, secondary dentition, and mixed dentition.

2-4. Identify the four types of teeth and their functions.

2-5. Examine different tooth surfaces.

2-6. Sketch the anatomy of a tooth as each area is explained.

Activity 3

3-1. Differentiate between the different types of tooth notation system.

3-2. Explore basics of dental charting.

3-3. Demonstrate recording information on a tooth diagram chart that is obtained from a client during an oral examination.

3-4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of charting tooth information about a client using a paper chart.

Activity 4

4-1. Explore how assessment of dental hygiene is necessary in order to diagnose and treat the patient accordingly.

4-2. Gain an understanding of data collection involving general information about the client.

4-3. Record general information new client profile sheet.

4-4. Fill in personal profile information concerning a client.   

Activity 5

5-1. Define asepsis, antiseptic, and sterilization.

5-2. Describe the universal precautions.

5-3. Demonstrate proper hand washing technique.

5-4. Use proper procedures for gloving and removing gloves.

5-5. Conduct a dental exam using a dental manikin.  

Activity 6

6-1. Determine the three factors considered in the oral hygiene evaluation.

6-2. Explore how the accumulation of plaque can lead to gum disease (gingivitis) and periodontal disease, as well as tooth decay.

6-3. Conduct a plaque detection experiment to evaluate brushing regimen and its effect on eliminating plaque.

6-4. Examine proper brushing and flossing techniques.

6-5. Define plaque and calculus.

6-6. Differentiate between intrinsic and extrinsic stains of the teeth.

6-7. Develop a presentation on oral hygiene.  

Activity 7

7-1. Define x-ray and radiograph.

7-2. Determine how radiographs are used in the field of dentistry.

7-3. Examine different types of radiographs and why each particular type is used.

7-4. View actual bitewing x-rays using a x-ray viewer.

 7-5. Examine processes involved with developing x-ray film.

7-6. Develop an understanding of safety issues surrounding radiation exposure for clients and dental service providers.

Activity 8

8-1. Distinguish between radiolucent and radiopaque and give an example of each.

8-2. Examine why it is important to have a small anode target when producing photons.

8-3. Explore three factors that influence the density on a radiograph.

8-4. Identify several inadequacies in radiographic images.

8-5. Explain how penumbra or umbra can be diminished in a dental radiograph.  

Activity 9

9-1. Explore the relationship between bacterial growth in the mouth and the development of dental caries.

9-2. Conduct a bacteria culture test.

9-3. Examine microbiology and microorganisms and determine the roles they play.

9-4. Determine different classifications of bacteria.

9-5. Explore the medical importance of viruses.

9-6. Discuss why controlling viral infections has traditionally been difficult.  

Activity 10

10-1. Explore the physical and chemical properties of alginate.

10-2. Examine the factors that influence the stability of alginate.

10-3. Recognize what dental impressions are and what they are used for in the dental field.

10-4. View correct procedures for mixing alginate, loading alginate trays, and taking alginate impressions.

10-5. Practice mixing alginate, loading alginate trays and taking alginate impressions using a typodont.  

Activity 11

11-1. Complete an upper and lower dental impression.

11-2. Define forensics and striations.

11-3. Explore forensic odontology.

11-4. Discuss different aspects prevalent in the impression process.

Activity 12

12-1. Complete the vocabulary test.

12-2. Explore how dental impressions are used to develop study models.

12-3. Examine bacteria cultures

12-4. Develop a conclusion on the effects of brushing on bacteria.

Activity 13

13-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged.


13-2. You will conduct research regarding new technology (including equipment, drugs, etc.) being used in the field of dentistry.

Activity 14

14-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged.


14-2. You will work on a project that implements the information you collected regarding new technologies in the field of dentistry.

In Activity 15, the students will finish any work they have not yet completed. They will complete the CPU by taking the Vocabulary Test and the Post-test, answering the journal question, and turning in any necessary work such as the research journal or presentation.