Health Science Education

Cardiac Diagnostics CPU Objectives

Activity 1

1-1. Define diagnostics.
1-2. Explore different career tracks in the field of cardiac diagnostics.
1-3. Choose two cardiac diagnostic related careers you would like to learn more about by either conducting job research or "job shadowing."
1-4. Explain why the career areas you chose to research/shadow are important to the cardiac diagnostics field.

Activity 2

2-1. Explore the basic anatomy and physiology of the heart.
2-2. Examine the cardiac cycle.
2-3. Identify parts of the heart and the vessels that transport blood.
2-4. View CT scans of cardiac anatomy.
2-5. List common signs and symptoms individuals with cardiovascular problems may describe when talking with a health care professional.

Activity 3

3-1. Determine proper procedure for taking basic vital signs associated with the cardiovascular system.
3-2. Explore communication techniques and safety standards to consider while taking a patient’s vital signs.
3-3. Review guidelines when charting patient data.
3-4. Define the different steps of a physical examination.

Activity 4

4-1. Define myocardial infarction.
4-2. Examine different diseases of the heart.
4-3. View CT scans of various heart conditions.
4-4. Conduct in-depth research on diseases of the heart and procedures used in treatment.

Activity 5

5-1. Discover the imaging techniques used in cardiac diagnostics.
5-2. Explore tools used to diagnose heart diseases and conditions.
5-3. Discover different types of stress testing.
5-4. Create a presentation on a specific heart disease.

Activity 6

6-1. Finish creating a presentation on a specific heart disease.
6-2. Determine what an ECG/EKG is and explore why it is used.
6-3. Examine 12-lead placement for an EKG.
6-4. Watch a video that shows proper techniques when performing an ECG.

Activity 7

7-1. Prepare a short dialogue where you address a client prior to performing an ECG.
7-2. Record the dialogue using Sound Recorder.
7-3. Evaluate the communication techniques used in the recorded dialogues.
7-4. Conduct an ECG (this may be actual or simulated).

Activity 8

8-1. Identify the various segments of an ECG recording.
8-2. Define P wave, PR segment, QRS complex, ST segment, and T wave.
8-3. Identify normal values for waves and segments on ECG readouts.
8-4. Discover abnormalities found in certain waves/segments of ECG.

Activity 9

9-1. Differentiate between various sinus rhythms.
9-2. Recognize and identify normal sinus rhythm.
9-3. Explore the actual difference between the term dysrhythmia and arrhythmia.
9-4. Identify and distinguish each atrial arrythmia.
9-5. Compare and contrast atrial and ventricular arrhythmias.

Activity 10

10-1. Recognize what cardiac enzymes are and how they are used in cardiac diagnostic procedures.
10-2. Determine the most common blood tests.
10-3. Define venipuncture and view proper procedures for performing venipuncture.
10-4. If available, practice venipuncture techniques and procedures.

Activity 11

11-1. Explore arterial blood gases.
11-2. Determine how arterial blood gases are acquired.
11-3. Recognize what arterial blood gases can tell us about the cardiovascular system and how it is functioning.
11-4. Examine basic lung physiology and anatomy as it pertains to blood gases.

Activity 12

12-1. Describe an echocardiogram and how it works.
12-2. Explain what an echocardiogram reveals.
12-3.Examinve the necessary preparation for a patient before having an echocardiogram.
12-4. Examine various echocardiogram images.
12-5. Explore various types of echocardiograms and examine case studies of patients and their echocardiograms.
12-6. Describe angiography and what it is used for.
12-7. Explore the necessary preparation for angiography and examine various types of angiography.
12-8. Take the Vocabulary Test.

Activity 13

13-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged. OR
13-2. You will conduct research to identify a problem related to cardiology that is of immediate importance in your school or community.

Activity 14

14-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged. OR
14-2. You will develop an action plan to address the community problem identified during the last activity.

Activity 15

In Activity 15, the students will finish any work they have not yet completed. They will complete the CPU by taking the Vocabulary Test and the Post-test, answering the journal question, and turning in any necessary work such as the research journal or presentation.