Clinical Laboratory Science CPU Objectives

Activity 1

1-1. Define clinical laboratory science.
1-2. Explore careers that use clinical laboratory science.
1-3. Examine areas within clinical laboratory science and/or medical technology.
1-4. Choose a clinical laboratory career you would like to “shadow” and discuss these opportunities with the instructor.
1-5. Explain why the career areas you chose to research/shadow are important to clinical laboratory science and/or the medical technology field.

Activity 2

2-1. Explore the three major types of laboratory hazards.
2-2. Determine how diseases are transmitted.
2-3. Identify biohazard safety levels and the precautions associated with each.
2-4. Discover how a potentially infectious spill can be safely cared for in a laboratory setting.
2-5. Learn the importance of proper hand washing and maintaining medical asepsis.
2-6. Define terms important to safety issues in the health care environment.
2-7. Explain the consequences of safety violation.

Activity 3

3-1. Identify some of the basic supplies found in a laboratory setting.
3-2. Discover the proper use of different kinds of laboratory equipment.
3-3. Utilize a pipette and pipette aid to transfer fluid into a microcentrifuge tube.
3-4. Identify and label the parts of a microscope.
3-5. Explore the correct care procedures and usage of a microscope.
3-6. Examine a slide at different levels of magnification using a microscope.
3-7. Perform oil immersion microscopy.
3-8. Describe the impact of microscopes on laboratory tests.

Activity 4

4-1. Determine the importance of math in a laboratory setting.
4-2. Consider how the metric system is used for clinical measurement.
4-3. Examine the importance of quality control in a clinical laboratory setting.
4-4. Explore standards in record keeping.
4-5. Discuss several legal and ethical scenarios clinical laboratory personnel might face.
4-6. Describe the negative effects of unethical procedures and policies in the laboratory.

Activity 5

5-1. Examine standard departments found in clinical laboratories.
5-2. Define urinalysis.
5-3. Review the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system.
5-4. Examine methods of urine specimen collection.
5-5. Discuss chemical, physical, and microscopic properties of urine.
5-6. Complete a simulated urinalysis.
5-7. Explain and attempt to resolve possible ethical dilemmas involved in urine testing.

Activity 6

6-1. Define hematology and hemacytometer.
6-2. Review the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system.
6-3. Determine how red blood cells are formed.
6-4. Review the correct procedures involved in creating a blood smear.
6-5. Review the importance of proper levels of glucose in the blood.
6-6. Describe an experience with blood testing.

Activity 7

7-1. Identify blood types and how they interact with each other.
7-2. Consider Rh factor and its importance in blood typing and blood compatibility.
7-3. Perform a blood typing experiment using simulated blood and anti-serums.
7-4. Define platelets and describe the clotting process.
7-5. Investigate diseases affecting coagulation.
7-6. Explore procedures used to diagnose diseases affecting coagulation.
7-7. Consider the impact a hemophilia diagnosis would have on your life.

Activity 8

8-1. Review the anatomy and physiology of the circulatory system.
8-2. Explore the composition of blood.
8-3. Identify the five different types of white blood cells and their purposes.
8-4. Determine appropriate procedures for collecting blood samples in different situations.
8-5. Examine vacuum tube, syringe, and winged infusion methods of venipuncture.
8-6. Resolve an ethical dilemma a health care worker might face when collecting a blood sample.

Activity 9

9-1. Practice venipuncture procedures using a venipuncture trainer. OR
9-2. Conduct research on various forms of anemia and create an informative brochure or poster on the subject.
9-3. Discuss bloodletting and the effects it had on patients.

Activity 10

10-1.Determine why microbiology is so important to the field of health care.
10-2. Examine what viruses are and their effect on the human body.
10-3. Consider standard virus treatments and why antibiotics are ineffective against viruses.
10-4. Discover what bacteria are and how antibiotics work in curing bacterial infections.
10-5. Investigate fungi and examples of diseases caused by them.
10-6. Review the immune system and the techniques it uses to detect and fight foreign bodies.
10-7. Describe the your experience with an illness.

Activity 11

11-1. Explore the concept of genetics.
11-2. Consider the origins of modern genetic principles.
11-3. Determine the benefits and potential dangers of genetic engineering.
11-4. Examine genetic disorders.
11-5. Explore the inheritance of genetic traits.
11-6. Discover Punnett squares as a tool for calculating genetic inheritance probability.
11-7. Compare the benefits and ethical concerns of genetic engineering.

Activity 12

12-1. Discover the structure of DNA.
12-2. Explore the processes of DNA transcription and replication.
12-3. Construct a model of a DNA molecule.
12-4. Review transcription and replication using a simulation of both processes.
12-5. Compare and contrast some of your genetic characteristics with those of your parents.

Activity 13

13-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged. OR
13-2. You will work on a project that focuses on either genetic engineering, or viruses.
13-3. Describe how your job shadowing experience or presentation research influenced your existing views of a subject covered in the course.

Activity 14

14-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged. OR
14-2. You will finish the project you began in the last activity.
14-3. Discuss the outcome of your job shadowing or your chosen research project.

Activity 15

15-1. Select appropriate vocabulary terms based on the definitions provided.
15-2.Test your comprehension of concepts gained during this course.
15-3. State and explain your opinion of the Clinical Laboratory Science CPU.