Health Science Education

Optical Diagnostics CPU Objectives

Activity 1

1-1. Test your pre-existing knowledge of the course material.
1-2. Define diagnostics.
1-3. Gain an overview understanding of optical diagnostics as a health care field.
1-4. Explore major careers associated with the optical field and the responsibilities, education, and licensure requirements for each.
1-5. Research laws for the state in which you live pertinent to either opticians, optometrists, or physician extension staff.
1-6. Develop a short paper discussing a chosen career field, using information gained during your research.
1-7. Choose an optical career you would like to "shadow" and discuss this opportunity with the instructor.
1-8. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a career in a field that uses optical diagnostics.

Activity 2

2-1. Review the importance of eyes and the role they play in our lives.
2-2. Explore the structure of the orbital, muscular, and support elements of the eye.
2-3. Discover how the brain interprets messages received by the eye.
2-4. Write about an experience you have had involving an optical illusion.

Activity 3

3-1. Explore the internal elements of the human eye and the roles that are performed by each.
3-2. Examine common refractive errors and their causes.
3-3. Discover and define visual acuity, astigmatism, and color deficiencies.
3-4. Recognize the importance of proper test administration in subjective data testing.
3-5. Administer and perform several subjective data vision tests.
3-6. Discuss how such vision problems would affect that person's life without modern treatments such as accurate glasses prescriptions, contacts, or corrective surgery.

Activity 4

4-1. Dissect a cow eye.
4-2. Describe and practice safety procedures throughout the dissection.
4-3. Explore the structure and function of a cow eye.
4-4. Understand the structural differences and similarities between cow eyes and human eyes.
4-5. Compare one of the parts of the eye that is found in both human and cow eyes, then describe how your sight would be affected by defects or damage to that part of your eye.

Activity 5

5-1. Discover the causes, symptoms, and treatments for some common ophthalmic diseases.
5-2. Explore the importance of proper patient management and communication.
5-3. Explore the types of information included in a patient history, essential information obtained through interview, and how to obtain such information tactfully.
5-4. Practice patient management procedure by filling out written paperwork and conducting a role-play patient interview.
5-5. Discuss some problems that may develop as a result of poor provider to patient communication.

Activity 6

6-1. Examine both the universal guidelines and ophthalmic guidelines to prevent disease transmission.
6-2. Explore the various components of an eye exam, including standard ophthalmic equipment.
6-3. Define fundus.
6-4. Examine several fundi, both healthy and diseased.
6-5. Describe any problems you or someone in your family has had relating to eye and discuss any instruments that may have been helpful in the situation.

Activity 7

7-1. Create an optical presentation.
7-2. In your journal, discuss how your community could encourage eye exams for young children among its members.

Activity 8

8-1. Complete the optical presentation.
8-2. Review light refraction and compare it to reflection.
8-3. Explore the field of opticianry, including commonly used terms and concepts.
8-4. Examine the types of lenses used to correct common refractive errors.
8-5. Observe a pair of glasses and consider what sort of eye disorder the lenses are for.

Activity 9

9-1. Discuss the use of lenses in the correction of astigmatism and weakened eye muscles.
9-2. Explore the various, standard forms used to write lens prescriptions.
9-3. Discover the history and meaning of terms and abbreviations represented on lens prescriptions.
9-4. Interpret lens prescriptions.
9-5. Discuss why it is important for opticians and optometrists to be able to read and understand the various forms in which prescriptions may appear.

Activity 10

10-1. Examine edging and mounting techniques.
10-2. Discover methods and guidelines for assisting in frame selection.
10-3. Experiment with lenses and refraction.
10-4. Observe the characteristics of convex plano-sphero and spherical lenses.
10-5. Produce inverted images from near and far objects.
10-6. Discuss how your opinions on becoming an optician might change if you were required to grind lens prescriptions yourself.

Activity 11

11-1. Experiment with lens arrangements to determine focal point.
11-2. Discover the mathematical equations used to determine focal point.
11-3. Determine an average focal point, using experimental results and various mathematical methods.
11-4. Compare the results you received from your experiments in terms of the reliability of each method used.

Activity 12

12-1. Explore the development of ophthalmologic surgical techniques.
12-2. Examine several types of common refractive surgeries.
12-3. Discover proper asepsis methods.
12-4. Conduct a short surgical scrub.
12-5. Review basic first aid for common eye irritations and injuries.
12-6. Compare the sterilization procedures you noticed during one of your own visits to a medical facility and those discussed in this activity.

Activity 13

13-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged. OR
13-2. You will conduct research regarding a recent advance in ophthalmic technology.

Activity 14

14-1. You will participate in a career shadowing activity the instructor has arranged. OR
14-2. You will work on a project that implements the information they collected regarding a recent advance in ophthalmic technology.

Activity 15

15-1. Select appropriate vocabulary terms based on the definitions provided.
15-2. Test your comprehension of concepts gained during this course.
15-3. State and explain your opinion of the Optical Diagnostics CPU.